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                                                                                                                                                                          贝斯特老虎机:行李架着火、舱内突然失压怎么办?国航教你把握求生“黄金9...

                                                                                                                                                                          2019-01-12 13:40 IDC新闻网

                                                                                                                                                                            东方网记者王佳妮、刘昊1月12日报道:万米高空飞行中,突遇着火、迫降等紧急险情,该如何处理?近日,东方网记者走进中国国际航空培训部乘务训练中心,体验了一堂生动的“求生课”。

                                                                                                                                                                          中国国际航空培训部乘务训练中心内的模拟舱

                                                                                                                                                                            放置好行李,系好安全带,准备就绪后安全“起飞”……5分钟后,东方网记者在模拟舱内看到,一侧行李架突然冒出“浓烟”。“行李架着火啦!”有乘客喊道。“各位乘客留在座位上,系好安全带。”国航培训部乘务训练中心教员赵忠东一边说着,一边即刻赶至事发点。打开行李舱,里面可见阵阵明火,“浓烟”随即蹿出,一时间机舱内烟雾弥漫。工作人员随即拿起灭火设备,及时扑灭火焰。

                                                                                                                                                                          国航培训部乘务训练中心教员赵忠东在模拟舱内演示行李架突发火情的应对措施

                                                                                                                                                                            经检查,“火源”是一个正在使用的充电宝。“大家需特别注意,飞机飞行过程中切忌使用充电宝。因为其电压不稳定,容易发生着火等险情。”赵忠东同时提醒,类似于单反这样含有锂电池的电子设备,也存在发生火情的可能性,“有燃烧现象后,一定要听从机组人员指挥,第一时间将发生火情的设备放入水中等,控制其进一步引发更危险的状况”。

                                                                                                                                                                          教员演示救生梯如何使用

                                                                                                                                                                            “目前突发设备故障,我们舱内出现失压状况。请大家根据机组人员指示系好安全带、戴好氧气面罩。”在模拟舱内,赵忠东还演示了飞机突发舱内失压的状况。他举例称,在机身出现裂缝的情况下,机舱内就会突然失压。此时,氧气面罩会自动脱落,驾驶舱也会二次确认,手动触发氧气面罩脱落。“在这种情况下,旅客应及时带上氧气面罩,确保意识清醒。”

                                                                                                                                                                            东方网记者还留意到,模拟脱落的氧气面罩里似乎有股焦味。对此,该名工作人员解释称,因为机舱内外温差的关系,旅客可能会觉得氧气面罩有点热,甚至有烧焦的味道,这时旅客千万不要慌乱,属于正常现象。

                                                                                                                                                                            “旅客还需要特别留意一个概念:黄金90秒。”工作人员告诉东方网记者,在飞机出现特情(机身裂痕,发动机受损等)后,往往会尽快备降附近机场进行应急撤离。

                                                                                                                                                                          此处可演练水上迫降的突发状况

                                                                                                                                                                            根据历年飞行事故数据显示,发生事故后飞机通常会在着陆至少90秒之后才会发生爆炸,因此这段逃生的关键时期也被称为“黄金90秒”。赵忠东提醒,合理地运用这黄金90秒,飞行事故生还率可以达到95.7%。在紧急情况下,每个单通道滑梯的撤离能力为每分钟60人。因此,听从指挥、保持秩序就尤为重要。